frog and toad

How to know the difference between a frog and a toad

Frogs and toads may seem very similar at first glance, but they are actually quite different. There are many physical differences, such as skin, color, and build, but they are not the same in behavior either. For example, a frog needs to be near a body of water at all times, while a toad doesn’t necessarily need to be. Frogs can also usually jump higher than toads. Therefore, if you look closely, you should be able to tell a toad from a frog.

Examine the physical characteristics

Look at the hind legs.

You can tell a frog from a toad by looking at the length of the legs. If you get close enough, pay particular attention to the hind legs. A frog’s hind legs are very long, as frogs jump more often than toads. Its hind legs or jumping legs are therefore longer than its head and body. A toad’s hind legs are shorter in comparison, as toads crawl rather than jump. Their hind legs are shorter than their head and body.

Examine the feet.

Frogs have so-called webbed feet with webbed toes. They usually have webbed feet on their hind legs, but some have webbed feet on their front legs as well. You may also notice adhesive discs on the frog’s toes or fingers. Toad feet generally have neither webs nor adhesive discs.

Consider her physique.

Frogs tend to look slimmer and more agile, while toads are shorter and stockier. A slender amphibian with relatively long legs is likely a frog. A clumsy, squat-looking, short-legged amphibian is likely a toad.

Pay attention to the skin.

A frog’s skin is much smoother than that of a toad. Toad skin tends to look uneven. While frogs have smooth, rubbery skin, toads have warty-covered skin.

Check out her color.

In general, frogs are lighter in color than toads. They tend to look greener too. Although toads can have greenish skin, they are usually darker overall than frogs. Toads can be in a variety of colors from dark green to olive green. Frogs are often a more yellowish, brighter shade of green. They can also have a yellowish olive hue. But don’t just go by color. Additionally, consider other factors as some frogs can also be brownish-green.

Consider the behavior

Watch the animal jump.

Both frogs and toads jump, but frogs tend to jump more frequently and higher. Frogs can not only jump very high but also very far. Toad jumps can be described as small hops since they can jump neither too far nor too high.

Make sure the animal crawls too.

Toads crawl far more often than they hop. A toad moves mostly by crawling. On the other hand, you will rarely see a frog crawling. Therefore, a crawling animal is most likely a toad. Always consider other factors as well, as an injured frog could crawl as well.

Consider the animal’s location.

Frogs need to be near water to survive, but toads can spend long periods out of water. An animal that stays near water is probably a frog. On the other hand, if there is no water nearby, it is most likely a toad. A frog rarely strays far from a water source.

Counteract problems with frogs and toads

Dim your lights to reduce frog croaking.

Frogs can be very noisy at night, especially during mating season. Frogs are insectivores, and the bright light emanating from your home attracts insects. Your nighttime lighting can therefore help attract lots of frogs to your yard. Turn off outside lights (such as your porch light) at night. You can also draw your curtains at night to prevent light from leaking out from attracting insects.

Keep dogs away from frogs and toads.

Some frogs and toads can be poisonous to dogs. When a dog grabs a toad, it secretes toxins that could be dangerous to your dog. Therefore, take your dog to the vet immediately if you see that he has a toad in his mouth. It could be a medical emergency. Symptoms of toad envenomation include excessive salivation (drooling), convulsions, shortness of breath, and restlessness. In addition, the dog could constantly rub its paws over its muzzle and eyes. If your pet has any of these symptoms, it needs to be treated right away.

Always wash your hands after handling frogs or toads.

In general, you should not touch wild animals. However, if you do touch a frog or toad, you should wash your hands afterward. If a small child picks up a frog or toad, make sure they wash their hands immediately afterward.

Don’t keep wild frogs and toads as pets.

It is not a good idea to keep wild frogs and toads as pets. Wild frogs and toads are not used to life in captivity and will not do well. But in addition to this fact and the risk that they could transmit diseases, frogs and toads are protected in many countries, so you could be liable to prosecution. If you want a frog or toad, you should get an animal from the pet store.

Take good care of your new pet.

You can buy frogs and toads as pets at pet stores. If you would like to have such a pet, then you have to keep it species-appropriate. Therefore, provide him with the right environment and care. You will need to clean your frog or toad’s housing daily, as a dirty environment can pose a serious threat to your pet’s health. Frogs and toads need a varied diet. You can buy them food consisting of crickets and mealworms at the pet store. But they also need many other insects to survive. Frogs and toads must therefore also be fed small reptiles such as grasshoppers, snails and silkworms. Reptiles and amphibians kept as pets should be handled as little as possible. Even if they come from the pet store, they can transmit diseases. Always wash your hands after contact with your pet. Don’t clean his cage in your bathroom or kitchen, and don’t kiss or cuddle your amphibious friend either.


Some frogs and toads are poisonous. Contact your area wildlife agency or conservation group to find out if there are poisonous species in your area. Also, read our blog to learn how to tell a frog from a toad.

About the Author

Julia Taylor

Julia Taylor is Freepromohub Contributing Writer. She loves writing the latest tech gadgets, helping consumers weigh the pros and cons of new devices prior to purchase. She also writes news and trends, and feature stories about business. Her work has appeared on popular publications like Gizmodo, Yahoo Finance, Business Insider, and CNET.